Federal agencies may only employ United States citizens and nationals (residents of American Samoa and Swains Island) in the competitive service. However, Federal agencies may request OPM approval to appoint a non-citizen, if no qualified U.S. citizens are available.
An agency may hire a qualified non-citizen into the Excepted Service or Senior Executive Service , if it is permitted to do so by the annual Appropriations Act and the immigration law and the agency’s specific laws and internal policies.
For additional information on Appropriations Act restrictions and immigration law as it pertains to Federal employment, please view the Fact Sheet on the Employment of non-citizens.
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