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Frequently Asked Questions Assessment Policy

How does job analysis – or the use of job analyses – help with developing a valid, reliable assessment tool?

Conducting a job analysis requires the identification of critical tasks and competencies for a given position – along with the linkage between the critical tasks and competencies – which can then be used to develop valid and reliable assessment tools such as occupational questionnaires, structured interviews, and job knowledge tests. 

The information (tasks and competencies) gathered during a job analysis can also be applied to other employment practices such as performance appraisals, promotions, and employee development.

For more information regarding job analysis, please visit OPM’s Assessment and Selection website,, or contact us at

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