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Frequently Asked Questions Employment

Selection of Students

  • Pursuant to 5 CFR § 302.101(c)(8)), each agency is required to follow the principle of veterans' preference as far as administratively feasible and, on the request of a qualified and available preference eligible, to furnish him or her with the reasons for his or her non-selection.
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  • No. These programs are established pursuant to 5 CFR § 213.3201 and 5 CFR § 213.3202 (a) and (b), respectively. Section 213.3202(b), establishing the Student Career Experience Program explicitly states that written tests are waived for students in the Student Career Experience Program. See 5 CFR § 213.3202(b)(15). This includes initial appointment and conversion. Although it is not explicitly stated in subparagraph (b), written tests are also waived for entry into the Student Temporary Employment Program. That program, like the Student Career Experience Program, was created pursuant to 5 CFR § 213.3201. Section 213.3201 establishes that positions filled under this authority are excepted from the usual competitive examining procedures.
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  • There are no OPM requirements for public notice. Agencies may establish procedures of their own.
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  • No. Schedule B positions are exempt from the usual competitive examining procedures (5 CFR § 213.3201) and students appointed under the Schedule B Student Educational Employment Program are also exempt from the rating and ranking requirements under the Excepted Service. See 5 CFR § 302.101. However, agencies may want to establish a ranking procedure to place themselves in a better position to explain and defend their decisions. For example, based on the qualification standards used for the position, students may be evaluated to determine only eligibility or ineligibility for the position or may be ranked according to more qualitative factors. It is recommended that procedures be documented and applied consistently to avoid any appearance of impropriety.
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