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The U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) provides leadership on Federal leave policies and programs. We accomplish this by developing and maintaining Governmentwide regulations and policies for agencies to use to administer leave, including annual leave, sick leave, the Family and Medical Leave Act, Federal leave sharing programs, military leave, and time off for special circumstances - e.g., early dismissal or closure for weather emergencies. Ultimately, each Federal agency is responsible for complying with the law and OPM's Governmentwide regulations and following OPM's policies and guidance to administer leave policies and programs for its own employees.
On June 26, 2013, the Supreme Court ruled that Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) is unconstitutional. As a result of the Supreme Court’s decision, the United States Office of Personnel Management (OPM) will now be able to extend certain benefits to Federal employees and annuitants who have legally married a spouse of the same sex, regardless of the employee’s or annuitant’s state of residency. OPM is currently in the process of updating and revising the website to reflect this change, and will be updating this information as soon as possible. Please check back in the coming weeks for updates.
The fact sheets below provide information on various topics concerning leave administration for Federal employees covered under title 5 of the United States Code and title 5 of the Code of Federal Regulations. The title 5 statutes regarding leave administration can be found in 5 U.S.C chapter 63, Leave. OPM's regulations on the establishment of work schedules can be found in 5 CFR part 630, Absence and Leave.
This index highlights the laws, regulations, and other references relating to Federal leave programs and policies. The index is a valuable resource for researching major leave subject-matter areas. Please contact your agency personnel office, library, legal office, or information technology office to obtain copies of the documents cited (e.g., laws, regulations, Executive orders, opinions of the Comptroller General (Comp. Gen.)1, etc.). Since each agency is responsible for Federal leave administration, it is imperative that you also consult your agency's internal policies and collective bargaining agreements, as applicable.
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5 U.S.C. (unless otherwise indicated)
5 CFR (unless otherwise indicated)
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1997 Presidential Memorandum (includes OPM questions and answers); also:
OPM Memorandum, April 14, 1997
Presidential memoranda and Office of Personnel Management (OPM) guidance materials on expanded family and medical leave policies and participation of Federal employees in volunteer activities may be accessed on the Pay & Leave section. See our leave fact sheets.