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Data, Analysis & Documentation Federal Employment Reports

Profile of Federal Civilian Non-Postal Employees

September 30, 2017


The typical Federal civilian employee is a topic of frequent interest for the news media, businesses, private citizens and organizations. This fact sheet lists summary statistics often requested for speeches, letters and reports. (Data are for total on - board employment (i.e., all work schedules) unless otherwise indicated and may differ from other releases due to coverage e.g., agency, work schedule, tenure and as - of dates.) If you have any questions, please call the Office of Communications at 202-606-1800.

Demographic Characteristics

47.50 years average for non-seasonal full-time permanent employees
Length of Service:
13.51 years average for full-time permanent employees
Retirement Eligibility
14.91% non-seasonal full time permanents employees
89.46% covered under CSRS
12.03% covered under FERS
Education Level
51.74% have Bachelor's Degree or higher degree
56.60% men and 43.38% women
Race and National Origin
36.68% minority group members: 18.15% Black, 8.75% Hispanic, 5.99% Asian, 0.51% Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander,  1.69% Native American
Disability Status
9.93% have disabilities
Veterans Preference
26.25% have veterans preference (2.23% are Vietnam Era veterans)
Retired Military
8.34% of total: 1.93% officers and 6.41% enlisted personnel

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Job Characteristics

Average Annual Base Salary (adjusted to include locality pay) for Full Time Permanents
$84,913 worldwide
General Schedule Grade
10.38 average grade;   12.53 in Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV Core Based Statistical Area
Pay System
70.98% General Schedule (equivalent), 8.71% wage systems, and 20.31% others
Work Schedule
95.15% full-time, 2.46% part-time, and 2.39% intermittent
93.26% permanent appointments and 90.69% full-time permanent appointments
Occupation and Category
90.77% White-Collar (27.22% Professional, 37.52% Administrative, 26.03% Technical, Clerical, and Other), 9.22% Blue-Collar
Supervisory Status
12.24% Supervisors and Managers
Service (Position Occupied)
69.20% Competitive, 30.80% Excepted and Senior Executive Service
35.02% Department of Defense, 9.50% Homeland Security, and 18.27% Department of Veterans Affairs
Geographic Location
97.65% USA
and 15.00% Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV Core Based Statistical Area
Retirement Plan
3.43% Civil Service Retirement
92.42% Federal Employees Retirement System
Employment in This Profile
2,087,747 Total; 1,869,986 non-seasonal full-time permanent

Data Source:

U.S. Office of Personnel Management's FedScope Internal covers all Federal civilian employees except Members and employees of Congress, Architect of the Capitol, Botanic Garden, Library of Congress, General Accounting Office, Congressional Budget Office, John C. Stennis Center for Public Service Training and Development, Office of Compliance, U.S. Court of Appeals to Veterans Claims, Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, Judicial Branch, White House Office, Office of the Vice President, Office of Policy Development, Federal Reserve Board, Tennessee Valley Authority, U.S. Postal Service, Postal Rate Commission, Central Intelligence Agency, National Security Agency, Defense Intelligence Agency, National Imagery and Mapping Agency, Army/Air Force Exchange Service, Defense Consolidated Metropolitan Technical Personnel Center, Defense Career Management and Support Agency, Public Health Service's Commissioned Corps, and foreign nationals employed overseas.


State Department stopped sending records for Foreign Service personnel in March 2006. “For FERS employees, one criterion for retirement eligibility is achieving the minimum retirement age and having at least 10 years of Federal service. Since there is a five percent reduction in annuity for each year an employee is under 62, relatively few employees retire under this criterion. Employees only eligible to retire under this criterion are excluded from the eligibility totals in order to give a more realistic estimate of the likelihood of retirement. Therefore, the retirement eligibility numbers include only employees eligible to retire with full annuity.”

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