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Human Capital Management



The federal workforce plays a vital role in executing the important missions of federal agencies in service to the American people. As such, the Strategic Human Capital Management processes used to cultivate and manage the workforce must be integrated into agency planning and management processes, remain current with research and best practices, allow for proactive responses to anticipated environmental changes, and seek to continuously maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of Human Resource (HR) service delivery.

Part 250 of Title 5, subpart B, implements the requirements of 5 U.S.C. 1103(c), and section 1103(c)(1) requires OPM to design a set of systems, including appropriate metrics, for assessing the management of human capital by federal agencies and to define those systems in regulation. Section 1103(c)(2) requires OPM to include standards addressing a series of specified topics. These requirements are further explained within this rule. Subpart B also provides an avenue for Chief Human Capital Officers (CHCOs) to carry out their required functions under 5 U.S.C. 1402(a).

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Federal Workforce Priorities Report

The Federal Workforce Priorities Report is developed through research and the analysis of environmental trends, agency experiences and needs. The report communicates key governmentwide human capital priorities and suggested strategies to strengthen the communication amongst and between agency leadership and human capital practitioners. Additionally, the report serves as an informative tool for the Chief Human Capital Officers Council (CHCOC) because it signals what human capital priorities are required for the establishment of enterprise-wide plans and the coordination of resources amongst the human capital community.

Human Capital Operating Plan

The Human Capital Operating Plan (HCOP) is a planning document (not a report) that provides details about how human capital strategies are being implemented in support of agency strategic plan. Additionally, the HCOP serves as a tool for agency leadership to set a clear path for achieving stated human capital strategies; identify and secure resources for supporting human capital policies, programs, and initiatives; and determine which time frames and measures to use to assess progress, while demonstrating how the standards of each HCF system are being fulfilled within each strategy. The HCOP will correspond to the same time frame covered by agency strategic plans and reviewed and updated annually.

Human Capital Operating Plan Guidance for Fiscal Years 2022 – 2026


The HRStat quarterly review process is managed by agencies to identify and monitor human capital measures and targets that inform the progress agencies are making towards meeting their agency specific goals. The outcomes from the reviews should report the approach agencies take for corrective actions in areas for which they are not making substantial progress.

Human Capital Reviews

Human Capital Reviews are annual, in-person meetings for agency human capital leaders to discuss the implementation and achievement of human capital goals, including risks, barriers and successful practices. The reviews will serve as an opportunity for OPM to provide feedback to agencies, as well as identify and share practices and identify cross-cutting human capital challenges.

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